PROTECTING AGAINST VIRUSES TROUBLESHOOTING > INSTALLATION >
Below are several comments on how to protect yourself from Viruses.
The affects of a virus may vary from very little to wiping your hard disk and network shared disks clean. The wiping thing justifies
your taking action to protect yourself on a continual basis. This means having an automated backup system that backs up at least
once a week.
The two top anti-virus (AV) software programs are Norton Antivirus (http://www.norton.com/) and McAfee VirusScan
(www.mcafee.com). These scan your incoming and outgoing email, and files loaded by your web browser. We favor Norton due to its simple user interface.
Some of the newer viruses are immune to antivirus software (they are designed in particular to do just this) that has yet been
updated to deal with them. Therefore, setting up your AV software to periodically (e.g. once a week) update itself via the Internet is
In some cases, a virus is so new, it will defeat updated AV software. Subsequently backups become EXTREMELY important.
Some Windows computers include back up software (start menu, programs, accessories, backup). There are 2 kinds of backups: Data Only, or Full Recovery. Full Recovery backs up the entire hard disk, including your
programs. Data Only backs up your data files and some settings (e.g. MS Outlook addresses and email). Full Recovery would
require approx 10GB of free space (e.g. external hard disk, tape, cd, etc) if your hard disk had 10GB of files. An external hard disk is
Cheap, and is well worth the money since recovering from a serious
hard disk failure w/o this is Very costly. If you have many programs installed on your computer, we Strongly recommend Full
Recovery, since it typically takes several days to build up a heavily loaded PC from scratch, and this costs much more than a $100
Some Viruses will wipe clean all local hard disks (internal and external) and all shared disks on the network that are not password
protected; therefore, turning off your external back up hard disk when not in use (or password protecting it), and password protecting
all shared volumes on your network is EXTREMELY important.
To provide security against fire, theft, or a virus that wipes the back up medium clean; one can occasionally back up to a CD, or use
an Internet based back up service that backs up data files to an external web site.
Microsoft provides updates to the Windows operating system and to Microsoft Office products (see http://support.microsoft.com/
and click Download). These are EXTREMELY helpful since they provide defenses against viruses. Older versions of Internet
Explorer and MS Outlook are Very vulnerable and the prevalent viruses are the ones that exploit these vulnerabilities.
Microsoft Outlook lists mail in a window upper right region and then shows the first part of a selected email in the lower right region
(called the "preview" pane). This means that junk email is opened and read by the computer when selected. If you get much junk
email (and probably many viruses), it is Strongly recommended that you turn Preview off (select a folder (e.g. "Inbox"), and then
select "Preview Pane" under "View" to toggle it on/off, and delete obvious junk mail w/o "previewing" it. Why give a virus a chance to
defeat your defenses?
If you get lots of junk mail, one can Add a Rule in Microsoft Outlook that looks for keywords in SUBJECT and BODY (you may need
to update your Outlook via http://support.microsoft.com/ to get the scan Body feature to work). For a list of possible terms to search
for, search for file "filter.txt" on your computer and open it with NotePad. The "automatically move junk and adult mail to a specified
folder" feature in some versions of Outlook is broken.